Reasoning: Right, Conspiracy, Pseudoscience, Fake News
World Press Freedom Rank: USA 45/180
The National Enquirer is an American supermarket tabloid published by American Media Inc (AMI) that was founded in 1926. The Enquirer openly acknowledges that it will pay sources for tips, a practice generally disapproved of by the credible press. The current editor is Dylan Howard.
Funded by / Ownership
The National Enquirer is owned by American Media, Inc., which is a publisher of magazines, supermarket tabloids, and books based in New York City. In August 2020 the CEO of AMI David Pecker who is a close personal friend to President Donald Trump stepped down as CEO. The tabloid is funded through magazine sales and advertising.
Analysis / Bias
The National Enquirer is well known for publishing outrageous and sometimes fake news stories. One could even say that they are the original fake news media outlet that profits by selling fake news. While most news on their website is not fake, the majority, however, is sensationalized gossip that is not well sourced to credible information. A sample headline reads Hillary Clinton: White House Dream Is Over! In this article, they claim Clinton has 6 months to live, which is patently false. Here is the cover of the magazine:
According to reporting by The Associated Press, during the 2016 United States Presidential election, stories that supported Donald Trump or attacked his rivals bypassed the newspaper’s standard fact checking process. In general, stories regarding politics have a right-wing bias in selection, especially as it relates to President Trump.
Failed Fact Checks
- The National Enquirer has failed numerous fact checks. See here.
Overall, we rate the National Enquirer Questionable based on the routine publishing of sensational or fake news stories. (D. Van Zandt 7/12/2017) Updated (6/24/2020)