Philippines Government and Media Profile

Philippines Political Orientation

Philippines - Government and Media - Left Bias - Liberal - Democratic SocialistPhilippines - Government and Media Country Profile


Government Type: Republic with a Presidential Form of Government
Head of State / Leader: President Ferdinand Marcos Jr.
Political Party: Federal Party of the Philippines (PFP)
Political Position: Authoritarian Left-wing populism, Filipino nationalism

Press Freedom

MBFC’s Country Freedom Rating: 52.11 – Moderate Freedom
World Press Freedom Rank:
Philippines 132/180

In 2023, Reporters Without Borders ranked the Philippines 132/180 in their Press Freedom Index, stating that the Philippines is “Holding the line against Duterte’s attacks.” They further report that “Three Philippine journalists were killed in 2019, probably by thugs working for local politicians, who can have reporters silenced with complete impunity.” 

In 2016 President Duterte targeted journalists by saying, “you are not exempted from assassination if you are a son of a bitch”.

Human Rights Watch reports that government authorities in the Philipines are using COVID-19 law against those critical of the government’s response to the coronavirus outbreak.

Media Ownership and Government Analysis

Media outlets in the Philippines are mostly privately owned by prominent families and businesses. For example, The Lopezes, who own ABS-CBN, the Yap Family (owners of Manila Bulletin), The Rufino-Prieto Family (owner of the Philippine Daily Inquirer). The Philippine government also runs some TV stations such as PTV 4, IBC 13, and RPN 9 (Radio Philippines Network) with a mixed level of ownership. 

Government influence on private media outlets increased after the election of former President Rodrigo Duterte. The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC), whose members are appointed by the President, regulates and supervises radio and television broadcast stations, cable television (CATV), and pay television. On May 5, 2020, the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) initially refused to renew the Philippine TV network ABS-CBN’s franchise license and eventually ordered it to shut down. ABS-CBN is known for its critical coverage of former President Duterte and therefore was regularly criticized by President Duterte.

Similarly, the Philippine Daily Inquirer is also known for its critical coverage of former President Duterte’s Administration; therefore, it was subject to President Duterte’s criticism such as “Inquirer, you are bulls—,.” He also threatened tax-evasion charges against the Prieto family. Later the owners announced they would sell the daily to businessman Ramon Ang, who is close to the President. Social news network Rappler is also subject to the former President’s criticism due to its coverage. 

In conclusion, the Philippine government has direct and indirect control over the media outlets, and this control and influence have significantly increased under President Duterte’s leadership. With the election of President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. of the same party on May 9, 2022, authoritarian censorship is expected to continue or worsen.

Country Rating Methodology

Last Updated on May 13, 2023 by Media Bias Fact Check

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