Italy Government and Media
Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Leader: Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte (2019)
Political Party: Independent (Conte)
Political Position: Left-leaning coalition (Center-left Democratic party and the anti-establishment Five Star Movement)
World Press Freedom Rank: Italy 43/180 (2019)
According to Reporters without Borders, Italy is “Under police protection” The report states “The level of violence against reporters is alarming and keeps on growing,” with some journalists choosing to self censor rather than being harassed.
Government Influence on Media: The Italian Government influences the media in which direct aid is limited to a special category of newspapers. However, public aid to media outlets has changed as per a new budget law in 2019 (Law 145/2018). Please see here for detailed information in English and Italian language. News organizations and media are typically owned by strong families, which are linked to political parties. For example, Silvio Berlusconi, the former Prime Minister of Italy, is the major shareholder of private free TV company Mediaset. La Repubblica and La Stampa are owned by Agnelli family (through Exor N.V.). While, Corriere della Sera is a Milan based major newspaper owned by Urbano Cairo through Cairo Communication S.p.A.