Norway Government and Media
World Press Freedom Rank: Norway 1/180
According to Reporters without Borders the “the media of Norway are free and journalists are not subject to censorship or political pressure. Violence against journalists and media outlets is rare.”
Government Influence on Media: Newspapers in Norway are primarily held by three owners that represent 61% of the circulation. These owners are Schibsted, Amedia, and Polaris Media. The NRK radio station is owned by the state and controls 65% of the market. Media in Norway is regulated by two Government agencies. The first is the Norwegian Media Authority, which rates content, handles license applications, as well as determining Government subsidies for media outlets. Lastly, they oversee mergers and acquisitions that they either approve or disapprove depending on whether it benefits the media as a whole. The second agency is the Norwegian Competition Authority, which is responsible for managing the Competition Act of 2004. Essentially, they ensure the fairness of media competition. Finally, although Norway’s Broadcasting Act prohibits interference from Government authorities into matters concerning individual programs, the government and the parliament decide on the license fee, which gives the political authorities some power over public broadcasters.
In summary, as of 2019, though not perfect, Norway has the freest press in the world.